Search Tips for Advanced Searching

The Advanced Search form helps you build a query composed of search terms and search limits. Encore displays your query, as you create it, in a text box at the top of the form. You can copy and reuse this string for searches from the standard search box at or in searches from your library's catalog web page of your library has a search box.

To build an advanced search:

  1. Choose an index slice to search. (Keyword searches all indexes.)
  2. Enter a search term. (See Search Terms below for more information.)
  3. (Optional) Use the Boolean operator buttons to specify relationships for additional search terms.
  4. (Optional) Specify any search modifiers you want to apply. (See Search Limits below for more information.)
  5. After you have built the query you want, choose Search.
  6. (Optional) Choose Reset search to clear the current query and start over.

Search Terms

Search terms can apply to the entire index (Keyword) or to a specified slice (segment) such as Title, Subject, or Author.

You can enter multiple terms in one Keyword text box and Encore will group them. Grouped terms have the Boolean relationship AND.

The default form includes two keyword text boxes. It is not necessary to use or remove the second box. As you build your query, you can click the 'X' to the right of a search term text box to remove the corresponding term(s).

AND - Records must contain all AND terms to appear in the result set.

OR - Records must contain at least one of the OR terms to appear in the result set.

NOT - Records that include the NOT term do not appear in the result set.

In the form, OR and NOT entries are grouped by index slice, for example, a:(smith -jones). The form groups the terms by index slice regardless of the sequence in which you add an OR or NOT term.

Encore treats uppercase AND, OR, and NOT as operators. It treats lowercase "and", "or", and "not" as search terms.

Adjacency: Multiple words are searched together as one phrase when enclosed in quotation marks.
Example : "united states supreme court"

Truncation: Words may be right-hand truncated using an asterisk. Use a single asterisk * to truncate.
Example : environment*
Example : polic*

Note: If a title is hyphenated like Catch-22, you need to search by using that hyphen.
Catch 22 will not return the same results as Catch-22.

Search Limits

Limits can include Format, Collection, Location, Language, and Year.

You can enter multiple limits of the same type. Click the '+' button to create an additional text box.

Limits of the same type are treated as OR terms. If you enter two format limits, such as one for "books" and one for "maps", the query searches for "books" OR "maps", producing a result set that includes both books and maps.

Limits of different types are treated as AND terms. If you enter a format limit of "books" and a location limit of "Music Library", the query searches for both "books" and "Music Library", producing a result set of book format items found in the Music Library location.

Specify fields to search, using field abbreviation. Fields available are a: (author), t: (title), and d: (subject)
Example : a:(twain) t:(adventure)
Example : a:(united states) d:(handicapped | disabled)

Limits with EDS (Ebsco Discovery)

The Ebsco Discovery Services are integrated in the catalog search. To see that integration search the Articles & Reviews tab and limit by using the Articles facet.

The limits described below work in Advanced search except for the first two limits.

Full Text: Limits Ebsco Discovery results to those containing full text. (Facet in Articles & Reviews under Articles)

Peer Reviewed: Limits to peer reviewed Ebsco Discovery results (Facet in Catalog Plus under Articles)

Available in Library Collection: Limits results to available items in your Ebsco Discovery subscription, including:

The Available in Library Collection limiter: